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P&M Services (R) Ltd

Printed circuit board Manufacturer, Photoplotting Established 1964  All types of Pcb, surface mount sm, PTH, SS single     UK Printed Circuit Board manufacturers. UK PCB Manufacture since 1964. single sided SS PCB, PTH PCB, IMS PCB, PCB JPG, DFX PCB

ML multi layer printed circuit board  prototypes. Cheap high quality PCBs Printed circuit boards. Fast cheap UK Prototype PCB

Printed circuit boards tooled up from Gerber,JPG,DXF,and most common file types, or camera ready artworks either 2:1 or 1:1 std scale.

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Hot Oil Reflow:-
Hot oil reflow used to be one of the cheapest PTH finish's. Boards suffered the handicap of having solder covering the entire copper track area. This tended to result in both poor solder resist adhesion, and either deformed of removed solder resist after wave soldering. As a Tin Lead etch resist layer could be used over the copper track re-flowing was a very efficient and cheap solution. [ The current normal procedure is to plate a thin sacrificial layer of Tin instead, strip if off apply solder mask, and then a final finish.]

The process is carried out by first coating the panel with an active flux, and the immersing in very hot oil for 20-30 seconds. Very often a second slightly cooler oil tank would then be used which would gently cool the solder below its melting point, thereby enhancing it's appearance.  

This is the cheapest finish for PTH circuit boards. After the circuits have been etched they are fed through a couple of tanks containing oil which is hot enough to fuse the previously plated tin lead. The main drawback with this finish is that all the tracks remain covered with solder, which can cause surface deformities during wave soldering.

It's closely related to Infra red and Hot Air Reflow the only real difference is the heat source. All of which will shortly on exist in the history books when the Lead ban if brought into force.


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